Flowers, Grasses and Herbs
Nemophila heterophylla is an annual herb with a fleshy but delicate and usually hairy stem. The bowl-shaped flower corolla is white or blue and a few millimeters (about 1/2 inch) to over a centimeter wide.
Sisyrinchium bellum; Found on upper trail near granite rock-outcropping.
Lupinus albifrons is a perennial shrub, taking up about 2 ft of space and reaching 5 ft. It has a light blue to violet flower on 3–12 inch stalks. The leaves are silver with a feathery texture.
Butterfly Mariposa Lily
Calochortus venustus is a California species of flowering plants in the lily family. The species is endemic to California ranging from Shasta County to San Diego County, particularly common in the San Gabriel Mountains, the southern part of the Sierra Nevada, and the Coast Ranges between Oakland and Los Angeles. It thrives in the light, sandy soils of a number of habitats, both grasslands and open wooded areas, at 300–2,700 meters (980–8,860 ft) in altitude. We found a specimen on the fence line trail.
Eschscholzia californica is a perennial or annual plant with alternately branching blue-green foliage. The flowers are solitary on long stems with four petals. The flower color ranges through yellow, orange and red. It is the official state flower of California. We have many specimens around the house blooming throughout the summer months.
Cirsium occidentale var. californicum is a species of thistle endemic to California and in the sunflower family. The plant may be short or quite tall, forming low clumps. The leaves are dull gray-green to bright white due to a coating of hairs. The inflorescence at the top of the whitish stem holds one to several flower heads.
Trifolium obtusiflorum is a species of clover known that is native to California in the Peninsular, Transverse, Sierra Nevada, and the California Coast Ranges and Cascade Range into southwestern Oregon. It grows in moist habitat such as marshes and stream banks, and disturbed areas. We found this growing in our green house.
Nemophila maculata is an annual herb that flowers in the spring. The leaves are up to 3 centimeters long and 1.5 wide, and are divided into several smooth or toothed lobes. The flowers are bowl-shaped, white with dark veins and dots. The lobe tips are purple-spotted. The corolla is 1 to 2 centimeters long and up to 5 centimeters wide.
Erodium botrys starts from a flat rosette of highly lobed green leaves on red petioles. It bears small flowers with hairy, pointed sepals surrounding five purple-streaked lavender petals.
Claytonia perfoliata is also know as Indian Lettuce, Spring Beauty, and Winter Purslane. We have this growing all around the house. The plant first appears in sunlit areas after the first heavy rains of the year, though the best stands are found in shaded areas, especially in the uplands, into early summer. As the days get hotter and drier, the leaves turn a deep red color as they dry out. When in season we have eaten this in our salads.
Plagiobothrys nothofulvus is an annual herb growing erect 20 to 70 centimeters in maximum height. It contains purple sap, the herbage edged with purple or rusty red and bleeding purple when crushed. The leaves are mostly located in a rosette around the base of the stem, with a few alternately arranged along the stem's length. The inflorescence is a series of tiny five-lobed white flowers each 3 to 9 millimeters wide.
Lupinus nanus is also known as Dwarf or Field Lupine and is native to the western United States. It grows on slopes or in open or disturbed areas below 4000 feet. At Foxtail Farm it is found most everywhere and starts to bloom late April continuing through May.
Turkey Mullein or Dove Weed
Croton setigerus, a dicot, is an annual herb that is native to California. The squat plant has furry, feltlike, hexagon shaped leaves, pale pink green in color. The foliage is toxic to animals. The seeds, however, are very palatable to birds. The common names of the plant come from the affinity of doves and wild turkeys for the seeds. This plant grows everywhere around the property.
Hordeum murinum is a species of grass commonly called Foxtail. This grass is common in weedy areas around roads, paths, and other disturbances. It is an annual, and is soft and green from January through March or April. We named our place Foxtail Farm since if we could grow nothing else, we could certainly grow foxtails.